Leestma JK, Golyski PR, Smith CR, Sawicki GS, Young AJ, “Linking whole-body angular momentum and step placement during perturbed human walking”. Journal of Experimental Biology. (2023). PAPER DATA GT REPOSITORY


Shafer BA, Powell JC, Young AJ, Sawicki GS, “Emulator-based optimization of a semi-active hip exoskeleton concept: Sweeping impedance across walking speeds“. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. (2022). PAPER DATA

Golyski PR, Sawicki GS “Which lower-limb joints compensate for destabilising energy during walking in humans?“. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. (2022). PAPER • DATA


McCain EM, Berno ME, Libera TL, Lewek MD, Sawicki GS, Saul KR, “Reduced joint motion supersedes asymmetry in explaining increased metabolic demand during walking with mechanical restriction.” Journal of Biomechanics. (2021). PAPER • DATA

Shafer BA, Philius SA, Nuckols RW, Mccall J, Young AJ, Sawicki GS, “Neuromechanics and energetics of walking with an ankle exoskeleton using neuromuscular-model based control: a parameter study“. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology: Bionics and Biomimetics. (2021). PAPER • DATA

McCain EM, Libera TL, Berno ME, Sawicki GS, Saul KR, Lewek MD “Isolating the energetic and mechanical consequences of imposed reductions in ankle and knee flexion during gait.” Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. (2021). PAPER • DATA • SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL


Nuckols RW, Takahashi KZ, Farris DJ, Mizrachi S, Riemer R, Sawicki GS “Mechanics of walking and running up and downhill: A joint-level perspective to guide design of lower-limb exoskeletons“. PloS One. (2020). PAPER • DATA • SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL
Beck ON, Gosyne J, Franz JR, Sawicki GS “Cyclically producing the same average muscle-tendon force with a smaller duty increases metabolic rate“. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. (2020). PAPER • DATA • SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL • CORRECTION
Nuckols RW, Sawicki GS “Impact of elastic ankle exoskeleton stiffness on neuromechanics and energetics of human walking across multiple speeds“. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. (2020). PAPER • DATA • SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL
Nuckols RW, Dick TJ, Beck ON, Sawicki GS “Ultrasound imaging links soleus muscle neuromechanics and energetics during human walking with elastic ankle exoskeletons”. Scientific Reports. (2020). PAPER • DATA 


Dick TJM, Punith LK, Sawicki GS  “Humans falling in holes: adaptations in lower-limb joint mechanics in response to a rapid change in substrate height during human hopping”. J. Royal Soc. Interface. (2019). PAPER • DATA

McCain EM, Dick TJM, Giest TN, Nuckols RW, Lewek MD, Saul KR, Sawicki GS “Mechanics and energetics of post-stroke walking aided by a powered ankle exoskeleton with speed-adaptive myoelectric control“. J Neuroeng Rehabil. (2019). PAPER • DATA


Collins SH, Wiggin MB, Sawicki GS “Reducing the energy cost of human walking using an unpowered exoskeleton“. Nature. (2015). PAPER • DATA